Tuesday, December 30, 2008


Also known as 氨基葡萄糖 (read: An Ji Pu Tao Tang), 

or for the chemically inclined: C6H13NO5

Most of my friends might already have heard of this medicinal supplement, while some might even be consuming this as well. I do have some fortunate friends asking me what this is... so I thought I'd hijack some information off the Internet...Above: I couldn't find a proper picture of a doctor or nurse with pills or medicines, so I thought I'd just throw in a 3D nurse this time (Fan-service for the guy readers).

Via Wikipedia:

Glucosamine is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids. It is commonly used as a treatment for osteoarthritis, although its acceptance as a medical therapy varies.

Oral glucosamine is commonly used for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Since glucosamine is a precursor for glycosaminoglycans, and glycosaminoglycans are a major component of joint cartilage, supplemental glucosamine may help to rebuild cartilage and treat arthritis. Its use as a therapy for osteoarthritis appears safe, but there is conflicting evidence as to its effectiveness. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial found glucosamine sulfate is no better than placebo in reducing the symptoms or progression of hip osteoarthritis.

A typical dosage of glucosamine salt is 1,500 mg per day. Glucosamine contains an amino group that is positively charged at physiological pH. The anion included in the salt may vary.

Commonly sold forms of glucosamine are glucosamine sulfate and glucosamine hydrochloride. The amount of glucosamine present in 1500 mg of glucosamine salt will depend on which anion is present and whether additional salts are included in the manufacturer's calculation. Glucosamine is a popular alternative medicine used by consumers for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

Clinical studies have consistently reported that glucosamine appears safe. Since glucosamine is usually derived from shellfish, those allergic to shellfish may wish to avoid it. However, since glucosamine is derived from the shells of these animals while the allergen is within the flesh of the animals, it is probably safe even for those with shellfish allergy.

Alternative sources using fungal fermentation of corn are available.

Another concern has been that the extra glucosamine could contribute to diabetes by interfering with the normal regulation of the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway, but several investigations have found no evidence that this occurs. A review conducted by Anderson et al in 2005 summarizes the effects of glucosamine on glucose metabolism in in vitro studies, the effects of oral administration of large doses of glucosamine in animals and the effects of glucosamine supplementation with normal recommended dosages in humans, concluding that glucosamine does not cause glucose intolerance and has no documented effects on glucose metabolism.

Other studies conducted in lean or obese subjects concluded that oral glucosamine at standard doses does not cause or significantly worsen insulin resistance or endothelial dysfunction.

The U.S. National Institutes of Health is currently conducting a study of supplemental glucosamine in obese patients, since this population may be particularly sensitive to any effects of glucosamine on insulin resistance.

In the United States, glucosamine is not approved by the (FDA) Food and Drug Administration for medical use in humans. Since glucosamine is classified as a dietary supplement in the US, safety and formulation are solely the responsibility of the manufacturer; evidence of safety and efficacy is not required as long as it is not advertised as a treatment for a medical condition.

In Europe, glucosamine is approved as a medical drug and is sold in the form of glucosamine sulfate. In this case, evidence of safety and efficacy is required for the medical use of glucosamine and several guidelines have recommended its use as an effective and safe therapy for osteoarthritis. Actually, the Task Force of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) committee recently granted glucosamine sulfate a level of toxicity of 5 in a 0-100 scale, and recent OARSI (OsteoArthritis Research Society International) guidelines for hip and knee osteoarthritis also confirm its excellent safety profile.

Via Wikipedia, please refer to the references there.

1 comment:

[Q] said...

To: Isha A huja

In response to your comment... "According to me... " - I would like to ask: "WHO ARE YOU?". If you are not a doctor / practitioner / researcher, who has done relevant academic studies on this 'Glucosamine', kindly refrain from commenting by beginning with 'According to me...', because you are NOBODY.

However, you apparently didn't read through the entire article to even be qualified to comment. And you sounded like just another advertiser. That's lame.

The main gist of what I wanted to share with my readers is that 'Glucosamine is classified as just a dietary supplement in the US, and that evidence of safety and efficacy is not required as long as it is not advertised as a treatment for a medical condition'. So in short, 'Please be careful of what you put in your mouth'.

p.s. Your 'advertisement' has been deleted.